Staying up to date with legislation is a crucial part of effective compliance. At British Engineering Services, our mission is to guide your organisation towards a safe and fully compliant practice. We can provide you with expert knowledge and advice on the interpretation and implementation of the following laws and regulations relevant to your specific industry sector, plant and equipment, including:
The HSWA is the primary legislation governing health and safety at the workplace in the UK and protects the health, safety and welfare of employees at the workplace. The Act outlines the employer’s general duties to their employees and establishes the role and obligations of the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), as well as setting out the how secondary health and safety regulations and approved codes of practices are to be implemented.
The MHSWR were introduced as a reinforcement of the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 and place a duty on employers and employees, as well as clients, designers, principal contractors or other contractors, to apply the General Principles of Prevention in the workplace. The regulations require that duty holders effectively evaluate and avoid risk and make appropriate arrangements for managing health and safety at work, such as establishing health and safety procedures and providing adequate health and safety training to employees.
The Workplace Regulations extend the employer’s duties outlined in the HSWA and cover a wide range of basic health, safety and welfare issues, with the aim of protecting the health and safety of employees and ensuring that adequate welfare facilities are provided. The responsibility to comply with the guidelines falls not only on employers but also on owners, landlords or managing agents of business premises. The regulations apply to most workplaces, except for construction sites, work in or on ships and work below ground. The regulations cover wide-ranging issues such as ventilation, temperature, lighting, cleanliness, room dimensions, workstations and seating, floor conditions and more.
COSHH ensures that employers adhere to their responsibility to control hazardous substances that could pose a risk to their employees’ health. The regulations cover all harmful substances and place a duty on employers to eliminate, or at least control, exposure in all uses through site and process-specific measures, with the aim of reducing harm to people.
The Electricity at Work Regulations aim to prevent accidents and casualties caused by electricity in the workplace through the implementation of appropriate precautions. The regulations place responsibility on duty holders in respect of systems, electrical equipment and conductors, as well as work activities on or near electrical equipment. While the guidance primarily holds accountable the people involved in the design, construction, operation and maintenance of electrical systems and equipment, the regulations also apply to employers, self-employed professionals and employees.
The Health and Safety Display Screen Regulations apply to all display screen equipment or computer screens and place responsibility on employers to carry out a risk assessment of workstations used by employees in order to reduce any identified risks. The regulations require employers to ensure that their members of staff take regular and adequate breaks from looking at their screens and that they are provided with adequate health and safety training for any workstation that they work at.
The LOLER regulations place duties on people and companies that own, operate or have control over lifting equipment. Under the regulations, you need to make sure that all lifting operations involving lifting equipment are properly planned by a competent person, supervised in an appropriate manner and carried out in accordance with your company’s health and safety policy and regulations. LOLER also requires that all equipment is maintained and kept in a condition that is fit for purpose and undergoes periodic ‘thorough examinations’.
The Lifts Regulations 1997 apply to all lifts and safety components that are permanently serving buildings or constructions and that travel faster than 0.15 metres per second. The regulations require manufacturers, installers and importers of lifts to ensure that the manufactured or distributed equipment meets the relevant health and safety requirements in their design, construction and installation and that it carries the CE marking with accompanying European Community Declaration of Conformity.
The MHOR place duties on both employers and employees to ensure a safe manual handling practice at the workplace. Under the MHOR and Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999, employers must attempt to reduce the risk of injuries that may arise as a result of manual handling tasks by carrying out appropriate risk assessments and finding ways to safely manage hazardous operations if they cannot be avoided. Employees also hold a general duty to follow all health and safety systems laid down to protect their health, use equipment in a proper manner, ensure that their activities do not put others at risk, and co-operate with their employer on health and safety matters.
The regulations place duties on employers concerning the provision and use of personal protective equipment (PPE) at work in order to prevent the risk of injuries. PPE must be supplied in cases when risk cannot be adequately controlled in other ways. The regulations also require that PPE is assessed before use to ensure that it is fit for purpose and adequate for the job and that instructions on how to use the PPE safely and properly have been provided to all employees.
The PED 2014/68/EU establishes identical technical requirements and regulations for all pressure equipment manufacturers within the EU, enabling countries to sell equipment to other member states without having to go through a national approval regime. The PED 2014/68/EU applies to the ‘design, manufacture and conformity assessment of pressure equipment and assemblies with a maximum allowable pressure PS greater than 0,5 bar’. The Directive places responsibility for the compliance of pressure equipment on the whole supply chain of economic operators, which includes manufacturers and their authorised representatives, suppliers and importers.
The PSSR are the main regulations covering the safety of pressure equipment and pressure systems. The regulations aim to ensure the safe design and use of pressure systems and to prevent any serious injuries that may arise as a result of integrity failures. The PSSR places responsibility on the duty holders involved with the use of pressure systems at work, which not only includes manufacturers and designers but also users, owners, competent people, importers, suppliers and installers of pressure equipment.
The safe design and construction of machinery in the UK is governed by the Supply of Machinery (Safety) Regulations 2008. The regulations hold manufacturers responsible for placing CE marking on any fabricated equipment, issuing a Declaration of Conformity after undertaking a relevant conformity assessment process, and demonstrating that compliance has been achieved by producing a detailed technical file and comprehensive user instructions for the product.